Initial Findings from Continuous Monitoring of Oil and Gas Operations
Payne Institute Researcher William Daniels, Faculty Fellows James Crompton and Dorit Hammerling, and Director Morgan Bazilian look at the wide deployment of air quality monitoring technology, we can better address greenhouse gas emissions from the oil and gas industry. There is considerable public pressure, industry engagement, and government regulation surrounding the push for more sophisticated and transparent monitoring. While much focus has been given to the technological development of monitoring devices and the use of airplane and LDAR resources, less focus has been given to the data acquisition, management, and analysis from these monitoring technologies. This paper presents an exploratory analysis of continuous monitoring data from two oil and gas sites in Colorado. January 13, 2021.
COUNTRY WIDE POWER OUTAGE IN PAKISTAN
Payne Institute Earth Observation Group’s Feng Chi Hsu and Elijah Mt. Castle satellite research showed that Pakistan’s national power grid experienced a blackout lasting 18 hours in most areas. The power failure was caused by “an engineering fault” in southern Pakistan. The fault engaged safety systems across the grid and shut down the power plants across the country. The blackout left millions of people in the dark. January 11, 2021.
Progress towards a circular economy in materials to decarbonize electricity and mobility
Payne Institute Fellows Dustin Mulvaney, Sridhar Seetharaman, Director Morgan D.Bazilian, Strategy and Operations Manager Greg Clough, Ryan M.Richards, and Erin Hensley write about how over 90% of the global economy continues to use natural resources unsustainably. The linear “take-make-toss” approach to materials use still prevails over circular economy and industrial ecology ideas in practice. The shift to renewable energy is one step towards building an economy on more circular material flows. But the materials needed to decarbonize electricity and mobility are supplied by mining and extractives industries, places where impacts from natural resource extraction can be most severe. Manufacturers of wind turbines, photovoltaics, batteries and vehicles—critical technologies to the clean energy transition—still primarily rely on feedstocks and inputs from natural resources as opposed to waste for processing and production. December 11, 2020.
5 years after Paris: How countries’ climate policies match up to their promises, and who’s aiming for net zero emissions 12/10/2020
5 years after Paris: How countries’ climate policies match up to their promises, and who’s aiming for net zero emissions
Payne Institute Fellow Dolf Gielen and Director Morgan Bazilian write about how bold visions for slowing global warming have emerged from all over the world. Less clear is how countries will meet them, as this month marks the fifth anniversary of the Paris climate agreement – the commitment by almost every country to try to keep global warming well below 2 degrees Celsius. December 10, 2020.
The road to Net-Zero Finance
Payne Institute Fellow Ben Caldecott was part of the Advisory Group on Finance for the UK’s Climate Change Committee that prepared this report The Road to Net-Zero that critically assesses the UK financial system’s ability to deliver a Net Zero target. The report comprises independent advice of a panel of experts from world-leading financial institutions to the Climate Change Committee to accompany its Sixth Carbon Budget. December 9, 2020.
Peru’s Environmental and Social Management in the Gold Mining Sector in the Midst of the COVID-19 Pandemic 12/9/2020
Peru’s Environmental and Social Management in the Gold Mining Sector in the Midst of the COVID-19 Pandemic
Payne Institute Faculty Fellow Nicole Smith, Kristi Disney Bruckner, Ashley Smith-Roberts, Verónica Morelli Bellido, Hugo Frías Ossandón, Meera Nyak, and Linda Jaramillo Urrego write a case study on how Peru is a leading source of gold in the world and is the top producer of gold in Latin America. The country’s legal framework for environmental and social management of the mining sector, including both the large-scale mining sector and the artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) sector, is often presented as good practice. However, implementation of the legal framework has been challenging due to lack of resources, complexity of the framework, lack of alignment across national frameworks, lack of ongoing collaboration across ministries, remoteness of mining areas, and other factors. December 9, 2020.
Energy and environment – If you build it, they will electrify?
Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Dr. Sara Hastings-Simon writes about how electric vehicle (EV) sales are rising sharply around the world but the impact on total stock of vehicles to date remains modest. An examination of the growing number of EV model types available suggests this is likely to change soon as the availability of EV models is both a reflection of the degree of commitment of auto manufacturers, as well as a driver of overall sales. December 7, 2020.
Sustainable Energy Transitions: Socio-Ecological Dimensions of Decarbonization
Payne Institute Fellow Dustin Mulvaney has published a new book titled Sustainable Energy Transitions: Socio-Ecological Dimensions of Decarbonization. This textbook introduces the key concepts that underpin sustainable energy transitions. Starting with the basic biophysical principles, current sources and environmental consequences of existing energy resource use, the book takes readers through the key questions and topics needed to understand, prescribe, and advocate just and sustainable energy solutions. December 3, 2020.
Foreword to the Special Issue on Advances in Remote Sensing of Nighttime Lights: Progresses, Challenges, and Perspectives 12/3/2020
Foreword to the Special Issue on Advances in Remote Sensing of Nighttime Lights: Progresses, Challenges, and Perspectives
Payne Institute Earth Observation Group Director Dr. Christopher Elvidge, Bailang Yu, Yuyu Zhou, Christopher Small, and Zuoqi Chen are editors for the special issue that focus’ on the technology of nighttime sensor lighting. Nighttime light (NTL) data provides unique observations of our Earth and receives increasing attentions from a variety of fields such as remote sensing, GIS, and urban planning. Since 1990s, the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program— Operational Linescan System (DMSP-OLS) NTL data have been explored to monitor human activities. Recently, new NTL satellites such as NPP-VIIRS, International Space Station (ISS), EROS-B, Jilin 1-3B, and Luojia 1-01, with better spatial and temporal resolutions, and even multispectral information, have been launched. December 3, 2020.
A MILLION HECTARES BURNED IN BOLIVIA
Payne Institute Earth Observation Group student worker Elijah Mt. Castle writes about the fire season that has been devastating across the world. Bolivia has reported that 1.4 million hectares of land have been burned from forest fires this year. As of October 8th there are 57 active wildfires in the country. Bolivian officials have opened over 450 cases against individuals accused of starting various fires. 20 of these cases are criminal charges. November 24, 2020.
Satellite Imagery Used for Electricity Consumption Forecasting in Africa For the First Time in New Service 11/24/2020
Satellite Imagery Used for Electricity Consumption Forecasting in Africa For the First Time in New Service
The Payne Institute is a proud partner with the Rockefeller Foundation in providing satellite imagery from our Earth Observation Group for the Electricity Consumption Prediction service for Africa that has been launched today by the e-GUIDE Initiative. The service, which will be freely available, provides estimates of future electricity consumption at high spatial resolution, and combines satellite imagery with historic and big data sources. The service improves the planning and provision of electricity towards ending energy poverty, helping to direct investments and scale projects that support the economic recovery of communities devastated by the Covid-19 pandemic. The e-GUIDE Initiative is a collaboration between The Rockefeller Foundation, UMass Amherst, Columbia University, Carnegie Mellon University, the Rochester Institute of Technology, and Colorado School of Mines. November 24, 2020.
Local-content rules for renewables projects don’t always work
Payne Institute Director Morgan Bazilian, Victoria Cuming, and Thomas Kenyon write about some countries with large renewables markets have sought to create domestic supply chains and jobs by implementing local-content requirements. The focus is on three key renewables markets with local-content requirements – Brazil, India and South Africa – and analyze whether these rules have helped create local manufacturing capacity or benefited local companies. November 16, 2020.
Flare capture offers easy wins
Payne Institute Director Morgan Bazilian, John-Henry Charles, and Mark Davis write about how reducing gas flaring can both accelerate progress to net-zero and offer a swift boost to industry credibility. Increasing commitments to a ‘net-zero’ society—be it by 2050, 2060 or a sooner or later date—pose both a generational challenge and an existential threat to oil and gas producers. There will be no more ‘business as usual’, but firms must also deliver more in environmental terms while grappling with reductions in their size and access to capital. November 12, 2020.
Five ways Mines researchers and their students are making campus safer during the pandemic 11/9/2020
Five ways Mines researchers and their students are making campus safer during the pandemic
Payne Institute Fellows Paulo Cesar Tabares-Velasco is featured in the article about how Mines faculty and students are giving Mines an upper hand in responding to pandemic challenges. November 9, 2020.
7 ways the mining sector can prepare for the coming economic era
Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Jordy Lee writes about how the mining and metals industry is facing an unprecedented paradigm shift as it begins to implement new technologies while also managing climate and social challenges. Through raising awareness of these issues, and by focusing on new digital solutions, growing material demand, and investor pressures, the industry can strengthen its foundational role in a rapidly evolving global economy. November 9, 2020.
CREEK FIRE CONTAINMENT DATE PUSHED BACK
The Payne Institute Earth Observation Group reports that the California fire season is well underway. The Creek Fire has been burning since September 4th. The fire is now the largest single fire in California history. Over 900 structures have been damaged or destroyed and the fire has caused 45,000 people to be evacuated from surrounding areas. November 4, 2020.
EAST TROUBLESOME FIRE GROWS OVER 100,000 ACRES OVERNIGHT
Payne Institute Mines student worker Elijah Mt. Castle utilized the Earth Observation Group VIIRS Nightfire technology to see that the East Troublesome Fire grew over 100,000 acres overnight October 21. The fire is threatening various towns and national parks in the area and is currently the fourth largest fire in Colorado History. October 25, 2020.
Battery Storage for Resilient Homes
Payne Institute Director Morgan Bazilian and Emon Chatterji write about small-scale battery energy storage systems (BESS), especially for behind-the-meter applications, that are still relatively expensive, but we show that it can be a potent solution to render homes resilient to storm related power outages. We present a stochastic programming model formulation to optimize PV/BESS explicitly accounting for resilience benefits these investments entail, over and above their ability to reduce cost of supply. October 20, 2020.
Sebnem Duzgun one of the 100 Resilience Fellows of the Resilience Engineering (RE) community 10/14/2020
Sebnem Duzgun one of the 100 Resilience Fellows of the Resilience Engineering (RE) community
Payne Institute Faculty Fellow Sebnem Duzgun has been appointed appointed as one of the 100 Resilience Fellows of the Resilience Engineering (RE) community! As a resilience Fellow, Dr. Dugun is now part of the 4TU-programme DeSIRE which was set-up by the 4TU.RE Centre. The 4TU.DeSIRE programme and the 4TU.RE Centre aim to establish and foster an international network of top-level academic scholars, engineers, practitioners and decision-makers who serve as ambassadors of the RE paradigm. October 14, 2020.
Responsible or reckless? A critical review of the environmental and climate assessments of mineral supply chains 10/13/2020
Responsible or reckless? A critical review of the environmental and climate assessments of mineral supply chains
Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Jordy Lee, Director Morgan Bazilian, Ben Sovacool, and Suzanne Greene write a paper that critically reviews and identifies gaps in the methodologies used to analyze the environmental impacts of mineral and metal global supply chains. Of specific focus are assessments of the extraction and production of minerals and metals needed for a low-carbon energy future. Current trends and projections suggest that the future low-carbon energy system will have greater material needs than the current one. October 13, 2020.
Indicators of Electric Power Instability from Satellite Observed Nighttime Lights
Payne Institute Earth Observation Group writes about how electric power services are fundamental to prosperity and economic development. Disruptions in the electricity power service can range from minutes to days. Such events are common in many developing economies, where the power generation and delivery infrastructure is often insufficient to meet demand and operational challenges. Yet, despite the large impacts, poor data availability has meant that relatively little is known about the spatial and temporal patterns of electric power reliability. Here, we explore the expressions of electric power instability recorded in temporal profiles of satellite observed surface lighting collected by the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) low light imaging day/night band (DNB). September 30, 2020.
Chinese Fishing Fleet Threatens Biodiversity in Galapagos
Payne Institute Mines student worker Elijah Mt. Castle worked with the Earth Observation Group utilized VIIRS Nightfire technology to see a a fishing fleet hailing from China that has been forced away from the Galapagos Islands by Ecuador’s navy. In recent years, Chinese fishing vessels have begun fishing for giant squid during the summer near the protected area of the Galapagos islands. This year’s fleet was the largest on record, according to Rear Admiral Daniel Ginez, the Ecuadorian Commander of Naval Operations. September 29, 2020.
Strategic Intelligence – Mining and Metals
Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Jordy Lee has documented the paradigm shift in the mining and metals industry, as it incorporates greater sustainability, absorbs technical innovation from other sectors, and seeks a way forward in the midst of a pandemic. By focussing on modernization, digitalization, and transparency, the industry can strengthen its foundational role in a rapidly evolving global economy. However, effectively managing related changes will require greater adaptability, transformative thinking, and building stronger relationships in a global context. September 23, 2020.
Space Resources Podcast: Exploring the Final Frontier, with Alex Gilbert
Payne Institute Fellow Alex Gilbert is on the Resources Radio podcast discussing the emerging field of space resources development. Although essential resources likely are plentiful on the moon, Mars, and elsewhere in outer space, we have less certainty over where, precisely, these resources are; what technology is necessary to extract them; and what types of economic development are legally permissible in outer space. Still, Gilbert contends that boundless opportunities exist for commercial exploration outside Earth—and that the United States, with its innovative rocket companies and long-running government space agency, could be the nation that leads the way. September 22, 2020.
Colorado School of Mines launches Integrated Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage Initiative 9/18/2020
Colorado School of Mines launches Integrated Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage Initiative
Led by the Payne Institute for Public Policy and the Mines’ Office of Global Initiatives, the Integrated CCUS initiative will be interdisciplinary across Mines departments. Global interest in carbon capture, utilization and storage is unprecedented as one of the key strategies for addressing climate change. The need for detailed scientific and engineering research, coupled with cross-cutting work on policy, markets and regulation of the technology is equally critical. September 18, 2020.
Cameron Peak Fire in Colorado
Payne Institute Mines student workers Joseph Hall and Elijah Mt. Castle worked with the Earth Observation Group utilized VIIRS Nightfire technology to not only pinpoint fire hotspots, but accurately calculate average temperatures of the flames within the Cameron Peak Fire in Larimer County, Colorado, just outside of Estes Park, and about 60 miles from The Payne Institute for Public Policy headquarters in Golden. September 15, 2020.
Mines researcher contributing to $4M DOE project for energy-efficient steelmaking
Payne Institute Faculty Fellow Sridhar Seetharaman has been awarded a $4 million dollar grant to prove the economic viability of increased renewal energy usage in steel production. Researchers believe the de-carbonization of the steel industry can be achieved by connecting ironmaking to renewable electric power through electrolytically produced hydrogen. September 9, 2020.
3.5 BILLION PEOPLE LACK RELIABLE POWER
Payne Fellow Todd Moss, Morgan Bazilian, Jacob Kincer, and John Ayaburi write about the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal 7 that commits the world to ending energy poverty by “ensuring access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all by 2030.” The dominant measurement of progress against SDG7 is the access rate, which measures the number of people with basic household electricity. There is no accepted international indicator for reliability. A new approach will help to fill this gap. September 8, 2020.
The Dimming of Lights in China during the COVID-19 Pandemic
The Payne Institute Earth Observation Group research on satellite surveys of the cumulative radiant emissions from electric lighting across China reveals a large radiance decline in lighting from December 2019 to February 2020—the peak of the lockdown established to suppress the spread of COVID-19 infections. To illustrate the changes, an analysis was also conducted on a reference set from a year prior to the pandemic. September 7, 2020.
Some Colorado temps are increasing at twice the global average, fueling wildfires, scientists say 9/4/2020
Some Colorado temps are increasing at twice the global average, fueling wildfires, scientists say
The Payne Institute Earth Observation Group and Director Christopher Elvidge is featured in this article about the growing threat of forest fires in Colorado, using insights from their VIIRS satellite images. September 4, 2020.
Country Spotlight: Gas Flaring in India
The Payne Institute looks at the gas flaring in India. According to the IEA, India is the fourth largest refiner of oil (behind the US, Russia, and China), and the third largest importer of crude oil and LNG (behind China and the US), though is outranked by 24 other countries on oil production, with declining trends. September 3, 2020.
Bouncing Forward Sustainably: Pathways to a post-COVID World Sustainable Energy
Payne Institute Director Morgan Bazilian was a co-author on the Second Consultative Science Platform of the IIASA-ISC “Bouncing Forward Sustainably: Pathways to a post-COVID-19 World” that aims to harness the transformative power of crisis to imagine a more sustainable world. The authors gathered with a focus on science -to deliberate on the following overarching questions: How should COVID-19 and related stimulus and/or recovery packages be directed to build back better to create the maximum impact on the transition to sustainable development; and how can a decarbonized, decentralized, and digitalized energy system make our society more resilient? How can the ability of science, policy and governance systems be enhanced to rapidly respond to unforeseen shocks? August 31, 2020.
Energy 360° Podcast – Getting to Reliable Electricity Access
Payne Institute Advisory Board Member Sarah Ladislaw and the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) host Morgan Bazilian for a podcast to discuss energy access globally and some of the metrics used to measure access. The Payne Institute recently released ‘Measuring “Reasonably Reliable” Access to Electricity Services,’ which provides an in-depth view of the gaps in global electricity access and how quality of access matters as much as quantity. August 31, 2020.
Hurricane Laura from Space
The Payne Institute Earth Observation Group has been viewing the power outages following Hurricane Laura. One of the consequences of many natural disasters are power outages, which result in losses in electric lighting that can be detected with low light imaging data. This paper looks at the nighttime light images of the impacted areas. August 28, 2020.
Mines Energy Future Podcast – Dr. Robert Braun discusses Hybrid Stationary Power Systems and Fuel Cells 8/28/2020
Mines Energy Future Podcast – Dr. Robert Braun discusses Hybrid Stationary Power Systems and Fuel Cells
Mines Energy Future podcast featuring Faculty Fellow Dr. Robert Braun, Rowlinson Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Lead of the Advanced Energy Systems Group, Colorado School of Mines, discussing Hybrid Stationary Power Systems and Fuel Cells. August 28, 2020.
HISTORICAL LICK OBSERVATORY SURROUNDED BY WILDFIRE
Payne Institute Mines student workers Elijah Mt. Castle and Mitch Burcham worked with the Earth Observation Group using VIIRS NightFire technology to view the Lick Observatory operated by the University of California. The observatory is slowly being encroached upon by a surrounding wildfire in the Mt. Hamilton area of California. August 24, 2020.
Measuring “Reasonably Reliable” access to electricity services
Payne Fellow Todd Moss, Morgan Bazilian, John Ayaburi, and Jacob Kincer write that while the electricity access rate is regularly measured in most countries, there are no routinely tracked metrics that measure reliability. This paper presents a new approach that: (1) aggregates all available country data on reliability; (2) defines a minimum threshold metric for ‘reasonable reliability’; and (3) estimates the number of people without ‘reasonably reliable’ electricity services. We estimate the number of people without access to reliable electricity is approximately 3.5 billion. This new metric provides a more granular view of the enormous energy access gap globally, and insights for future investment and policy decisions. August 19, 2020.
Natural Gas Transportation Price Regulation and the Dash for Gas
Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Greer Gosnell and Payne Faculty Fellow Ian Lange write about the large reduction in natural gas prices due to horizontal fracturing that has led to an unprecedented expansion in natural gas use for electricity generation. Another innovation that helped facilitate the expansion of natural gas electricity generation is the deregulation of natural gas pipeline transportation. Previous to June 2008, the price for transacting space in natural gas pipelines was set by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). FERC Order 712 allowed transactions under one year in duration, generally known as the secondary market, to transact at market prices. This regulatory innovation should facilitate natural gas power plants in procuring natural gas and lead to expanded generation. August 18, 2020.
GRIZZLY CREEK AND PINE GULCH FOREST FIRES
Payne Institute Mines student workers Elijah Mt. Castle and Mitch Burcham worked with the Earth Observation Group using VIIRS NightFire technology to view two extremely hazardous fires in Colorado. Our team utilized VIIRS NightFire technology to not only pinpoint fire hotspots but accurately calculate average temperatures of the flames within an area. These fires are occurring along I-70: one in Grizzly Creek near Glenwood Springs, and one in Pine Gulch near Palisade, Colorado. August 17, 2020.
Market failures and willingness-to-accept the smart energy transition: Experimental evidence from the UK 8/13/2020
MARKET FAILURES AND WILLINGNESS-TO-ACCEPT THE SMART ENERGY TRANSITION: EXPERIMENTAL EVIDENCE FROM THE UK
Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Greer Gosnell and Daire McCoy have a new working paper that discusses why there is a need to facilitate the sustainable energy transition, and how governments and innovators are encouraging households to adopt smart technologies that allow for increased flexibility in energy grids. The UK’s ambitious smart metering policy has indisputably failed to achieve its objective of equipping all dwellings with smart meters. This research uses a novel experiment to elicit the willingness-to-accept of 2,400 nationally representative UK households for smart meter installation. August 13, 2020.
FALL IN US GAS FLARING GIVES CAUSE FOR OPTIMISM
Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Jordy Lee, Director Morgan Bazilian, and Jamie Webster write about how in the past 12 months, gas flaring in the US has actually declined by 70 per cent, according to numbers provided by the Earth Observation Group.This decline was not driven by policy, Covid-19, or suddenly improved operations, but rather as the result of investors demanding greater capital discipline from a sector that had earned a reputation for prioritising growth over all other concerns. These demands have reduced activity, particularly from smaller operators that have often found it financially difficult to spend capital to improve environmental outcomes. August 11, 2020.
Published on End Poverty in South Asia India’s electricity consumption data shows economic impact of COVID-19 8/11/2020
INDIA’S ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION DATA SHOWS ECONOMIC IMPACT OF COVID-19
The Payne Institute Earth Observation Group research provides the data for this piece on how COVID-19 has disrupted economic activity. Quantifying this disruption is challenging. Traditional national account estimates, the official government measure for economic activity, are not very helpful for that. To monitor economic activity in times like these, one needs instead measures that are available at higher frequency and higher spatial granularity- for example at the district level. In India, the amount of electricity used (measured as total consumption) and the intensity of lights in the evening (measured as lights per area) are useful proxy indicators. Electricity consumption is measured daily at the state-level and changes reveal information about the economy. August 11, 2020.
OIL WELL EXPLOSION IN INDIA
Payne Institute Earth Observation Group Willie Helms reports that an ongoing fire in India exploded on July 22, 2020, injuring three people. Over the last two months, Oil India Limited (OIL) has suspended operations at well number 5 of the Baghjan oil field, located in the Tinsukia district of Assam, India. Problems originally started on May 27, a blowout occurred, allowing gas to spew uncontrollably from the well. Fueled by the gas, a large fire broke out on June 9, killing two firefighters. August 5, 2020.
Spatially variable taxation and resource extraction: The impact of state oil taxes on drilling in the US 8/5/2020
SPATIALLY VARIABLE TAXATION AND RESOURCE EXTRACTION: THE IMPACT OF STATE OIL TAXES ON DRILLING IN THE US
Payne Institute Faculty Fellow Peter Maniloff, Jason Brown, and Dale Manning estimate the responsiveness of nonrenewable resource firms to taxes on output using spatially explicit data from the oil sector in the United States. Using a model of resource firm capital allocation over space, we show that responses to spatially-varying taxes differ from responses to equivalent changes in the common output price. A larger response to tax rates occurs because the tax change only affects the returns to drilling in a single state, whereas a price change affects both the returns to drilling in a state and the opportunity cost of not drilling in other states. August 5, 2020.
CHINESE FISHING NEAR NORTH KOREA IS A SYMPTOM OF A BIGGER PROBLEM
The Payne Institute Earth Observation Group research provides the data for a comprehensive piece on China’s distant water fleet, and the robust scale of illegal fishing in the waters off the coast of North Korea by Chinese fishermen. July 31, 2020.
Sumit Agarwal named 2020 AVS Fellow
Payne Institute Faculty Fellow Sumit Agarwal has been named a 2020 AWS Fellow. Fellowship recognizes AVS members who have made sustained and outstanding technical contributions throughout their careers to research, engineering, technical advancement, academic education or technical management in the areas of basic science, technology development and commercialization of materials, interfaces and processing. July 24, 2020.
IRAQ LOOKING TO DEVELOP ITS NATURAL GAS RESOURCE
Payne Institute Earth Observation Group Willie Helms reviews VIIRS satellite imagery to see that since 2018, the United States has been putting pressure on Iraq to move toward energy independence. Iraq currently imports the majority of its natural gas from Iran, which is then burned for electricity. However, as a bi-product of its oil production, Iraq already flares the second most natural gas in the world as of 2018 per data from NOAA with assistance from VIIRS Nightfire (VNF). July 23, 2020.
ILLUMINATING DARK FISHING FLEETS IN NORTH KOREA
The Payne Institute Earth Observation Group research on nighttime lights (VIIRS) provides the data for this article on Illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing that threatens resource sustainability and equity. A major challenge with such activity is that most fishing vessels do not broadcast their positions and are “dark” in public monitoring systems. Combining four satellite technologies, we identify widespread illegal fishing by dark fleets in the waters between the Koreas, Japan, and Russia. July 22, 2020.
NEW TECHNOLOGY UNVEILS MASSIVE ILLEGAL FISHING BY DARK FLEETS IN NORTH KOREA, WHAT NEXT?
The Payne Institute Earth Observation Group research on nighttime lights (VIIRS) was featured in this article about unprecedented fishing activity in North Korea. International collaboration reveals widespread illegal fishing in North Korean waters across 2017 and 2018. Hundreds of large, industrial vessels originating from China likely violated United Nations (U.N.) sanctions and caught almost half a billion dollars worth of Pacific flying squid. July 22, 2020.
The Payne Institute experts are regional, national, and international leaders in applied research in natural resources, energy, and the environment. Our team is involved in a wide variety of research projects in these fields, and are committed to sharing these results with academic and professional audiences.
DISCLAIMER: The opinions, beliefs, and viewpoints expressed are those of the author alone and do not reflect the opinions, beliefs, viewpoints, or official policies of the Payne Institute or Colorado School of Mines.