A MILLION HECTARES BURNED IN BOLIVIA
Payne Institute Earth Observation Group student worker Elijah Mt. Castle writes about the fire season that has been devastating across the world. Bolivia has reported that 1.4 million hectares of land have been burned from forest fires this year. As of October 8th there are 57 active wildfires in the country. Bolivian officials have opened over 450 cases against individuals accused of starting various fires. 20 of these cases are criminal charges. November 24, 2020.
Satellite Imagery Used for Electricity Consumption Forecasting in Africa For the First Time in New Service 11/24/2020
Satellite Imagery Used for Electricity Consumption Forecasting in Africa For the First Time in New Service
The Payne Institute is a proud partner with the Rockefeller Foundation in providing satellite imagery from our Earth Observation Group for the Electricity Consumption Prediction service for Africa that has been launched today by the e-GUIDE Initiative. The service, which will be freely available, provides estimates of future electricity consumption at high spatial resolution, and combines satellite imagery with historic and big data sources. The service improves the planning and provision of electricity towards ending energy poverty, helping to direct investments and scale projects that support the economic recovery of communities devastated by the Covid-19 pandemic. The e-GUIDE Initiative is a collaboration between The Rockefeller Foundation, UMass Amherst, Columbia University, Carnegie Mellon University, the Rochester Institute of Technology, and Colorado School of Mines. November 24, 2020.
How Biden and Kerry could rebuild America’s global climate leadership
Payne Institute Fellow Dolf Gielen and Director Morgan Bazilian write about how John Kerry helped bring the world into the Paris climate agreement and expanded America’s reputation as a climate leader. That reputation is now in tatters, and President-elect Joe Biden is asking Kerry to rebuild it again – this time as U.S. climate envoy.
Securitization a Useful Financing Tool for Transition From Coal
Payne Institute Fellow Brad Handler and Director Morgan Bazilian write about how nearly 75% of electricity generated from coal in the U.S. could be produced more cheaply with renewables, strengthening the environmental arguments to accelerate the retirement of coal plants. Yet such transitions to renewable sources have to factor in the costs—incremental, stranded and most pressingly, societal—of shutting down existing plants, as well as the interests of communities and consumers. Financial instruments are being employed to help ease the burden of the transitions, including securitization. November 23, 2020.
Shadow Warfare: Cyberwar Policy in the United States, Russia and China
The Payne Institute would like to congratulate Faculty Fellow Elizabeth Van Wie Davis on her new book Shadow Warfare: Cyberwar Policy in the United States, Russia and China. Cyberwarfare, like the seismic shift of policy with nuclear warfare, is modifying warfare into non-war warfare. A few distinctive characteristics of cyberwar emerge. Cyberwarfare has blurred the distinction between adversary and ally. Cyber probes continuously occur between allies and enemies alike, causing cyberespionage to merge with warfare. Order book here. November 20, 2020.
Does Trudeau’s net-zero emissions legislation go far enough? Here’s what you need to know 11/20/2020
Does Trudeau’s net-zero emissions legislation go far enough? Here’s what you need to know
Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Sara Hastings-Simon is quoted in this article about how Bill C-12 would make net-zero emissions by 2050 law and require government to legislate climate targets every five years starting in 2030 — but experts are concerned about its shortfalls. November 20, 2020.
Women In Mining USA Celebrates the 2020 Edition of Women In Mining UK’s “100 Global Inspirational Women In Mining” and 9 Nominees from Women In Mining USA
Women in Mining USA recognized Payne Institute Faculty Fellows Nicole Smith and Sebnem Duzgun for their “above & beyond” contributions to the global mining industry, and identifies role models for future generations. This includes making positive and impactful changes, advocacy and a desire to empower others, perseverance in the face of adversity, and an ability to find solutions to challenges. November 19, 2020.
Local-content rules for renewables projects don’t always work
Payne Institute Director Morgan Bazilian, Victoria Cuming, and Thomas Kenyon write about some countries with large renewables markets have sought to create domestic supply chains and jobs by implementing local-content requirements. The focus is on three key renewables markets with local-content requirements – Brazil, India and South Africa – and analyze whether these rules have helped create local manufacturing capacity or benefited local companies. November 16, 2020.
Carbon Offsets for Climate Conscience Canadians
Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Dr. Sara Hastings-Simon is featured on this news video discussing the voluntary upcharge at the pump for Canadians who would like to purchase carbon offsets while buying fuel for their vehicles. Video of news feed starts at 12:43 into the news broadcast. November 13, 2020.
Flare capture offers easy wins
Payne Institute Director Morgan Bazilian, John-Henry Charles, and Mark Davis write about how reducing gas flaring can both accelerate progress to net-zero and offer a swift boost to industry credibility. Increasing commitments to a ‘net-zero’ society—be it by 2050, 2060 or a sooner or later date—pose both a generational challenge and an existential threat to oil and gas producers. There will be no more ‘business as usual’, but firms must also deliver more in environmental terms while grappling with reductions in their size and access to capital. November 12, 2020.
Mr. President-elect, America needs a Civilian Climate Corps
Payne Institute Fellow Drs. Jay Lemery and Lewis Goldfrank write this opinion piece as emergency physicians practicing on the frontlines of the pandemic, witnessing firsthand the consequences of a public health response in disarray as COVID-19 continues to flare throughout the country. November 10, 2020.
Five ways Mines researchers and their students are making campus safer during the pandemic 11/9/2020
Five ways Mines researchers and their students are making campus safer during the pandemic
Payne Institute Fellows Paulo Cesar Tabares-Velasco is featured in the article about how Mines faculty and students are giving Mines an upper hand in responding to pandemic challenges. November 9, 2020.
7 ways the mining sector can prepare for the coming economic era
Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Jordy Lee writes about how the mining and metals industry is facing an unprecedented paradigm shift as it begins to implement new technologies while also managing climate and social challenges. Through raising awareness of these issues, and by focusing on new digital solutions, growing material demand, and investor pressures, the industry can strengthen its foundational role in a rapidly evolving global economy. November 9, 2020.
Ottawa welcomes president-elect Joe Biden as ally in climate fight
Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Sara Hastings-Simon is quoted in this article about how Canada’s Federal cabinet ministers are welcoming Joe Biden’s election as the next U.S. president as an opportunity to advance the fight against climate change after four tumultuous years dealing with Donald Trump. November 8, 2020.
Biden’s victory raises the clean growth stakes for Canada
Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Dr. Sara Hastings-Simon and Rachel Samson wrote an opinion piece on how the primary risk for Canada is it would no longer be moving too far ahead of our largest trading partner on climate policy—it would be lagging too far behind. November 7, 2020.
What the U.S. Election Means for Canadian Energy
Please join Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Sara Hastings-Simon, David Keith, and Ed Whittingham, with special guest Dr. Leah Stokes, Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science and affiliated with the Bren School of Environmental Science & Management and the Environmental Studies Department at the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), on the Energy vs. Climate series for a podcast titled What the U.S. Election Means for Canadian Energy. For full details follow this link. Registration required. Friday, November 6, 2020.
CREEK FIRE CONTAINMENT DATE PUSHED BACK
The Payne Institute Earth Observation Group reports that the California fire season is well underway. The Creek Fire has been burning since September 4th. The fire is now the largest single fire in California history. Over 900 structures have been damaged or destroyed and the fire has caused 45,000 people to be evacuated from surrounding areas. November 4, 2020.
The private sector can help light the way for forcibly displaced people. Here’s how
Payne Institute Director Morgan Bazilian and Nicole Bouris write about how the vast majority of forcibly displaced people around the world have limited or zero access to electricity, and together, they represent a vast and untapped market for energy producers, and how the private sector can help to meet this demand. November 2, 2020.
COVID exposes chink in US metal armor
Payne Director Morgan Bazilian is quoted in this article on how the COVID-19 pandemic has shined a spotlight on a chink in the United States’ economic and security armor – an overreliance on foreign countries for the minerals and metals that lie at the frontend of American supply chains. October 29, 2020.
Labor’s evolving support of a clean energy transition
Payne Institute Fellow Brad Handler and Director Morgan Bazilian write an opinion piece about the concepts of a “just transition” for fossil fuel workers and promoting social equity have evolved to be key tenets of labor platforms in the U.S and Europe. Support for fossil fuel projects have been the basis of dissonance among unions, but common ground is now being found at the state level for well-designed policies. October 28, 2020.
EAST TROUBLESOME FIRE GROWS OVER 100,000 ACRES OVERNIGHT
Payne Institute Mines student worker Elijah Mt. Castle utilized the Earth Observation Group VIIRS Nightfire technology to see that the East Troublesome Fire grew over 100,000 acres overnight October 21. The fire is threatening various towns and national parks in the area and is currently the fourth largest fire in Colorado History. October 25, 2020.
America’s Zero-Carbon Action Plan (ZCAP)
Payne Institute Director Morgan Bazilian is co-chair with Fellow David Victor of the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) ZCAP power sector chapter. The ZCAP transition to a low-carbon future centers on four core elements: technological change, federalism, foreign policy, and industrial policy. The Plan is based on regulations and market incentives to promote high-speed innovation and rapid adoption of zero-emission technologies. October 23, 2020.
Nature-based Solutions” a Natural Policy Choice?
Please join Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Sara Hastings-Simon, David Keith, and Ed Whittingham, on the Energy vs. Climate series for a podcast titled Are “Nature-based Solutions” a Natural Policy Choice? For full details follow this link. Registration required. October 23, 2020.
An Age of Actorless Threats: Rethinking National Security in Light of COVID and Climate
Payne Institute Advisory Board member Cullen Hendrix and Director Morgan Bazilian write about how climate change and the COVID pandemic are highlighting key weaknesses in U.S. national security strategy and policy. Addressing these issues will not just require making traditional national security agencies more climate- and pandemic-aware, but a reimagining of the concept of national security itself. October 23, 2020.
What is Responsibly Sourced Gas (RSG) and Why does it matter?
The Payne Institute is a collaborator of Project Canary to help the oil and gas industry operate on a cleaner, more efficient, more sustainable basis. The Independent Environmental Standards and Project Canary participated in a webinar sponsored by the Northwest Gas Association covering Responsibly Sourced Gas (RSG) – What is it and why does it matter? Panel discussion members include Chris Romer, Project Canary CEO & Co-Founder, Jory Caulkins, IES Executive Chairman and Steve Wilson, IES Head of Outreach. October 22, 2020.
Solar power is the new king, and that crown is going to be very difficult to knock off
Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Sara Hastings-Simon writes an opinion piece about the case of fossil resources, competition comes with a built-in disadvantage. If solar power is king, wind is queen, with both seeing significant growth through 2030 across the range of scenarios. October 21, 2020.
Power planning in fragile and conflict-affected states
Payne Institute Director Morgan Bazilian and Sarah Logan, write about traditional methods of energy planning that are likely to provide results that may be inappropriate in fragile and conflict-affected countries. The risks of violence and damage, significant delays and cancellations in infrastructure projects, or projects coming in at very high cost, are rife in these states. Security issues can significantly hamper, or make infeasible, the delivery of power system plans. We look at how traditional power system planning and expansion models could be augmented to better consider the deep uncertainty associated with development in fragile contexts. October 20, 2020.
Battery Storage for Resilient Homes
Payne Institute Director Morgan Bazilian and Emon Chatterji write about small-scale battery energy storage systems (BESS), especially for behind-the-meter applications, that are still relatively expensive, but we show that it can be a potent solution to render homes resilient to storm related power outages. We present a stochastic programming model formulation to optimize PV/BESS explicitly accounting for resilience benefits these investments entail, over and above their ability to reduce cost of supply. October 20, 2020.
Regulation to play a key role in India’s gas ambitions
Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Greer Gosnell and Payne Faculty Fellow Ian Lange write about how India’s government has in recent months reaffirmed its commitment to the development of an expanded domestic gas grid and cross-border interconnections such as the long-mooted Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India pipeline. But the experience of the US gas market suggests that smart and considered government gas transport regulation could play as crucial a role in boosting Indian gas demand as simply increasing pipeline capacity. October 15, 2020.
Sebnem Duzgun one of the 100 Resilience Fellows of the Resilience Engineering (RE) community 10/14/2020
Sebnem Duzgun one of the 100 Resilience Fellows of the Resilience Engineering (RE) community
Payne Institute Faculty Fellow Sebnem Duzgun has been appointed appointed as one of the 100 Resilience Fellows of the Resilience Engineering (RE) community! As a resilience Fellow, Dr. Dugun is now part of the 4TU-programme DeSIRE which was set-up by the 4TU.RE Centre. The 4TU.DeSIRE programme and the 4TU.RE Centre aim to establish and foster an international network of top-level academic scholars, engineers, practitioners and decision-makers who serve as ambassadors of the RE paradigm. October 14, 2020.
Sociotechnical typologies for national energy transitions
Norbert Edomah, Payne Institute Director Morgan Bazilian, and Ben Sovacool write about the energy landscape and how it is changing dramatically. It is populated by many different and discrete energy transitions happening simultaneously in across different sectors, with dynamically different drivers, and across varying locations. This Perspective proposes a new three-part categorization to help better understand the myriad socio-technical changes being witnessed, which cut across user and market behaviour as well as institutions and technologies. We express energy transitions in three categories: Interim energy transitions, shaped by policies without necessarily public acceptance, mostly within non-democratic regimes. October 14, 2020.
Responsible or reckless? A critical review of the environmental and climate assessments of mineral supply chains 10/13/2020
Responsible or reckless? A critical review of the environmental and climate assessments of mineral supply chains
Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Jordy Lee, Director Morgan Bazilian, Ben Sovacool, and Suzanne Greene write a paper that critically reviews and identifies gaps in the methodologies used to analyze the environmental impacts of mineral and metal global supply chains. Of specific focus are assessments of the extraction and production of minerals and metals needed for a low-carbon energy future. Current trends and projections suggest that the future low-carbon energy system will have greater material needs than the current one. October 13, 2020.
The Dimming of Lights in India during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Payne Institute Earth Observation Group researchers Tilottama Ghosh, Christopher Elvidge, Feng-Chi Hsu, Mikhail Zhizhin, and Morgan Bazilian wrote how the monthly Suomi National Polar-orbiting (NPP) Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) Day–Night Band (DNB) composite reveals the dimming of lights as an effect of the lockdown enforced by the government of India in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The changes in lighting are examined by creating difference maps of a pre-pandemic pair and comparing it with two pandemic pairs. October 10, 2020.
Critical Minerals for Clean Technologies: Canada’s Competitive Edge?
Please join Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Sara Hastings-Simon, David Keith, and Ed Whittingham, on the Energy vs. Climate podcast titled Critical Minerals for Clean Technologies: Canada’s Competitive Edge? For full details follow this link. Registration required. October 8, 2020.
Industry caught red-handed with anti-climate plan
Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Sara Hastings-Simon was interviewed about the 2018 oil and gas industry strategy document designed to undermine the Canadian federal government’s Clean Fuel Standard. Sara calls this “climate delay.” October 7, 2020.
REFRESHING GLOBAL ENERGY SECURITY POLICY AND INFRASTRUCTURE FOR THE ENERGY TRANSITION
Payne Institute Director Morgan Bazilian was a collaborator on the T20 Saudi Arabia 2020 THINK policy briefing Refreshing Global Energy Security Policy and the Infrastructure for the Energy Transition for the G20. The Group of 20 (G20) members have discussed energy security for many years, and now have an opportunity to modernize and redefine global, regional, and national energy security frameworks to align with the transition to a lower-carbon energy system. Member countries should take steps to ensure that emerging vulnerabilities stemming from the rapid growth of new energy forms can be understood and managed both collectively and within their specific contexts. As all energy sectors transition, collective efforts toward energy security can progress by (i) developing a timely, transparent, and objective approach to data gathering and dissemination for the production, consumption, and trade of new energy forms and key mineral inputs; (ii) establishing an expert international advisory panel to the G20 on the topic of energy security in the context of energy transitions; and (iii) launching an effort on forward-looking energy security policy. October 6, 2020.
A lot of Jason Kenney’s claims about the oil and gas industry are cherry-picked, misleading or wrong 10.5.2020
A lot of Jason Kenney’s claims about the oil and gas industry are cherry-picked, misleading or wrong
Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Sara Hastings-Simon contributes to this article on the Alberta Premier’s, Jason Kennedy, claims about the oil and gas industry. The Alberta premier may veer into hyperbole, but his general point still stands: oil, of course, is a major driver of Alberta’s economy. Despite tens of thousands of layoffs in recent years, the industry remains a massive employer. October 5, 2020.
Colorado Releases Public Comment Draft of GHG Pollution Reduction Roadmap
Payne Institute Director Morgan Bazilian is a member of the Technical Advisory Group for the State of Colorado’s GHG Pollution Reduction Roadmap. The State is now seeking comments on the Roadmap, which is available to download from the Energy Office website. October 1, 2020.
Indicators of Electric Power Instability from Satellite Observed Nighttime Lights
Payne Institute Earth Observation Group writes about how electric power services are fundamental to prosperity and economic development. Disruptions in the electricity power service can range from minutes to days. Such events are common in many developing economies, where the power generation and delivery infrastructure is often insufficient to meet demand and operational challenges. Yet, despite the large impacts, poor data availability has meant that relatively little is known about the spatial and temporal patterns of electric power reliability. Here, we explore the expressions of electric power instability recorded in temporal profiles of satellite observed surface lighting collected by the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) low light imaging day/night band (DNB). September 30, 2020.
Chinese Fishing Fleet Threatens Biodiversity in Galapagos
Payne Institute Mines student worker Elijah Mt. Castle worked with the Earth Observation Group utilized VIIRS Nightfire technology to see a a fishing fleet hailing from China that has been forced away from the Galapagos Islands by Ecuador’s navy. In recent years, Chinese fishing vessels have begun fishing for giant squid during the summer near the protected area of the Galapagos islands. This year’s fleet was the largest on record, according to Rear Admiral Daniel Ginez, the Ecuadorian Commander of Naval Operations. September 29, 2020.
Colorado School of Mines ranked among nation’s elite energy universities
Colorado School of Mines has been named one of the elite energy universities in the nation by the American Energy Society (AES). The report, Top Energy Universities 2020, recognized Mines for “excellence in all fields, from fossil to sustainable materials and renewable energy” and its “small but mighty programs.” September 29, 2020.
Strategic Intelligence – Mining and Metals
Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Jordy Lee has documented the paradigm shift in the mining and metals industry, as it incorporates greater sustainability, absorbs technical innovation from other sectors, and seeks a way forward in the midst of a pandemic. By focussing on modernization, digitalization, and transparency, the industry can strengthen its foundational role in a rapidly evolving global economy. However, effectively managing related changes will require greater adaptability, transformative thinking, and building stronger relationships in a global context. September 23, 2020.
The Era of Commercial Space Mining Begins
Payne Institute Fellow Alex Gilbert and Morgan Bazilian write a commentary on NASA’s most recent announcement of a ground-breaking solicitation: NASA wants to buy lunar regolith extracted by a private company. In order to spur commercial space resources technology, NASA’s procurement is for the purchase of 50-500 grams of lunar regolith, or rock materials, from the surface of the Moon. September 23, 2020.
The New Hydrogen Economy: Pathway or Panacea?
Please join Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Sara Hastings-Simon, David Keith, and Ed Whittingham, on the Energy vs. Climate podcast titled The New Hydrogen Economy: Pathway or Panacea? For full details follow this link. Registration required. September 23, 2020.
Are We Running Out of Natural Gas Storage?
Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Greer Gosnell writes a commentary on how the US burned the most natural gas for electricity in its history this summer, but current month-to-month natural gas price spreads suggest we may be running low on natural gas storage. September 23, 2020.
It’s time for states that grew rich from oil, gas and coal to figure out what’s next
Payne Institute Fellow Brad Handler, Matt Henry, and Morgan Bazilian write about the very challenging times for U.S. fossil fuel-producing states, such as Wyoming, Alaska and North Dakota. The COVID-19 economic downturn has reduced energy demand, with uncertain prospects for the extent of its recovery. Meanwhile, rising concern about climate change and the declining cost of renewable energy are precipitating a sharp decline in demand for coal in particular. September 23, 2020.
Space Resources Podcast: Exploring the Final Frontier, with Alex Gilbert
Payne Institute Fellow Alex Gilbert is on the Resources Radio podcast discussing the emerging field of space resources development. Although essential resources likely are plentiful on the moon, Mars, and elsewhere in outer space, we have less certainty over where, precisely, these resources are; what technology is necessary to extract them; and what types of economic development are legally permissible in outer space. Still, Gilbert contends that boundless opportunities exist for commercial exploration outside Earth—and that the United States, with its innovative rocket companies and long-running government space agency, could be the nation that leads the way. September 22, 2020.
11 WAYS TO MEASURE CLEAN GROWTH
Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Sara Hastings-Simon contributes to this report from the Canadian Institute for Climate Choices that highlights the multiple facets of clean growth by unpacking the connections between economic growth, climate change, and human well-being. We identify 11 data-driven indicators that, together, can guide efforts by governments, businesses, and communities to not only tackle climate change but to do so in a way that achieves sustained growth and the best overall outcomes for people and society as a whole. September 22, 2020.
Colorado School of Mines launches Integrated Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage Initiative 9/18/2020
Colorado School of Mines launches Integrated Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage Initiative
Led by the Payne Institute for Public Policy and the Mines’ Office of Global Initiatives, the Integrated CCUS initiative will be interdisciplinary across Mines departments. Global interest in carbon capture, utilization and storage is unprecedented as one of the key strategies for addressing climate change. The need for detailed scientific and engineering research, coupled with cross-cutting work on policy, markets and regulation of the technology is equally critical. September 18, 2020.
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DISCLAIMER: The opinions, beliefs, and viewpoints expressed are those of the author alone and do not reflect the opinions, beliefs, viewpoints, or official policies of the Payne Institute or Colorado School of Mines.