Responsible Gas Initiative

The Responsible Gas Initiative Exists to Help Better Understand the Challenges and Opportunities Related to the Future of Natural Gas in a Low-Carbon Economy.  We Work with Partners to Define the Prospects for Responsibly Sourced Gas, Using Empirical, Credible Data and Independent Certification.

The Challenge

• With shale gas fundamentally altering the shape of the American energy market and natural gas being promoted as the bridge to a low-carbon future, it’s a valuable energy source that can play an important role in the future energy mix. Natural gas use has helped lower carbon-dioxide emissions from electricity generation in recent years, but methane emissions related to the production of natural gas have offset some of those benefits.
• Regulators, Investors and customers are placing increased pressure on the natural gas industry to do more to address climate issues and Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) considerations.
• Some states have created more stringent regulations directed at methane and are starting to limit gas flaring and venting as they try to regulate the oil and gas industry, but those efforts are hampered by a lack of robust emissions data.

  • Companies are also implementing aggressive goals for emission reduction, yet communities, capital markets, and regulators are often critical of their efforts due to a lack of empirical evidence of their progress.
  • Despite emission reduction efforts, and emphasis by investors on ESG, the market has not yet acknowledged the difference between gas producing environments. The differentiation of “responsible gas” from traditional production methods has an important role to play in creating market incentives and a net-zero energy future.
  • Until methane emissions are fully measured, monitored, controlled and reduced, the position of natural gas as a greener substitute for coal and oil, which is a large part of its appeal, is open to serious debate.

The Opportunity

  • The Continuous Monitoring Program, a partnership with the Payne Institute for Public Policy at the Colorado School of Mines and emissions monitoring company Project Canary, provides an independent third-party review of data collected from oil and gas locations of participating companies. Using engagement with industry and Mines nuanced understanding of the oil and gas industry, the collaboration supports effective monitoring of emissions related to natural gas.
  • The program calls for the integration of monitoring from satellites, aircraft, drones and continuous monitoring in the field, to help identify and locate events, quickly alert operators to begin maintenance and repair, quantify emissions and help regulators and communities report and visualize relevant data.
  • Storing operator and monitoring data at The Payne Institute, separate from the operator itself, so that the monitoring data is not just being self-reported by the companies, creating trusted data by an honest broker third party.
  • “Measure what Matters” Stakeholders throughout the energy industry value chain want to make environmentally sound decisions, but often lack the data necessary for effective emission reduction. New regulations will focus on gathering data and increasing reporting requirements for operations, aimed at finding sources of gas emissions at every stage of the industry. Venting and flaring, typically routine actions in the industry, as well as leaks of faulty equipment, are all important sources to measure and monitor. The data gathered through the Continuous Monitoring Program should help operators to develop steps to minimize methane emissions and maximize natural gas production and sales.
  • Through a commitment to reducing unnecessary flaring, investing in emissions monitoring technology and demonstrating that operations are maintained at the highest level of compliance with best practice standards, operators will seek to certify their natural gas product as “responsible gas” with a lower CO2e footprint and environmental impact.
  • Market incentives integrated with practical regulations and improved emissions data will enable the “Responsible Gas” market to develop, and create valuable opportunities for all impacted stakeholders.

The Colorado School of Mines Empirical Approach



On-Location Sensors


Data Management

Independent Data Repository
Real-time Data Transfer
Data Security



Machine Learning
Statistical Methods

Responsible Gas Initiative Pillars




Graduate Curriculum
Student Recruitment
Professional Development


Linda Battalora
Teaching Professor, Petroleum Engineering

William Daniels
Payne Institute Research Associate
MS Statistics

Tzahi Y. Cath
Ben L. Fryrear Professor 
Civil and Environmental Engineering

James Crompton
Professor of Practice, Petroleum Engineering

Ben Gilbert
Assistant Professor, Economics and Business

Dorit Hammerling
Associate Professor, Applied Mathematics and Statistics

Alina Handorean
Teaching Associate Professor, Engineering, Design, & Society

Qi Han
Professor, Computer Science

Responsible Gas NEWS

The Climate Debates: Can America Break Its Natural Gas Addiction? 4/16/2021

The Climate Debates: Can America Break Its Natural Gas Addiction?

Payne Institute Fellow Arvind Ravikumar participates in this discussion about how to wean the U.S. off of natural gas.  As more and more people have come to understand the urgency of the climate crisis in recent years, and Americans have elected a president in Joe Biden who has pledged to make addressing climate the centerpiece of his administration, but there is much debate about exactly how we should go about confronting our collective climate challenge.  April 16, 2021.

Jared Carbone gives testimony to Colorado State House Energy and Environment Committee 4/8/2021

Jared Carbone gives testimony to Colorado State House Energy and Environment Committee

Payne Institute Faculty Fellow Jared Carbone gave testimony to the Colorado State House Energy and Environment Committee on House bill HB21-1238. If passed, the bill would direct the PUC to take the social cost of carbon and methane emissions into account in developing demand-side management programs to reduce the use of natural gas in residential and commercial spaces. Dr. Carbone explained what the social cost of carbon is and why it’s appropriate to take into account in the bill.  Testimony starts at 2:54.  April 8, 2021.

How the US can stimulate private investment in cutting carbon 4/7/2021

How the US can stimulate private investment in cutting carbon

Payne Institute Fellow Brad Handler, with Fellow Ben Caldecott and Director Morgan Bazilian, writes about how conventional wisdom has it that US president Joe Biden can effect only modest progress on climate change legislation because of the Democrats’ razor-thin Senate margin. But this undervalues the levers the administration can pull, including motivating the private sector.  April 7, 2021.  

Project Canary Receives Series A Funding from Leading Venture Capital Firms 4/6/2021

Project Canary Receives Series A Funding from Leading Venture Capital Firms

Payne Institute is a proud partner on gas flaring emissions monitoring with Project Canary, who received investments from Quantum Energy Partners, Global Reserve Group and Energy Impact Partners to fund the Denver-based emissions monitoring and data startup, as the ESG-driven market for Responsibly Sourced Gas grows.  April 6, 2021.

Comparative Analysis of Selected African Natural Gas Markets and Related Policies

Comparative Analysis of Selected African Natural Gas Markets and Related Policies

John Ayaburi, Shashwat Sharma, Payne Institute Senior Research Associate Dr. Greer Gosnell, and Director Morgan D. Bazilian write about the discovery of natural gas resources across the African continent that have inspired debate on how such resources should be developed and best utilized. In several African countries, the discovery of commercial quantities of natural gas reserves has led governments to explore a number of strategies, investments, and policy directions. Two contrasting cases are that of Nigeria, which has pursued policies promoting domestic natural gas consumption and export, and Ghana, which has focused on encouraging sectoral-level domestic consumption.  April 5, 2021.

The COVID-19 Pandemic: Energy Market Disruptions and Resilience 3/30/2021

The Covid-19 Pandemic: Energy Market Disruptions and Resilience

Payne Institute Fellow Alex Gilbert and Director Morgan Bazilian write about the direct risks and indirect effects from the COVID-19 pandemic that have impacted the operations and resilience of global energy markets.  This article considers several aspects of the impacts and responses of these markets as well as energy sector resilience.  March 30, 2021.

U.S. OIL & GAS companies settle in to more conservative approach 3/22/2021

U.S. OIL & GAS companies settle in to more conservative approach

Payne Institute Fellow Brad Handler has prepared a quarterly report on the upstream U.S. onshore oil & gas extraction activity and how the prevailing message from publicly-traded (i.e. generally larger) oil companies is that activity (and thus employment) recovery in the U.S. is to be subdued. Publicly-traded oil companies are setting up to be more conservative for multiple years with respect to spending as they seek to win back the confidence of investors and other capital providers.  March 22, 2021.   

For more information about the Responsible Gas Initiative at the Colorado School of Mines, please contact our Strategy and Operations Manager, Gregory Clough, at