Militaries, Metals, and Mining

Fabian Villalobos and Payne Institute Director Morgan Bazilian write about how the U.S. aerospace and defense industries still need access to critical minerals and they are also needed for the clean energy technologies that will help combat climate change.  Even stricter military requirements and cutting-edge manufacturing techniques, such as additive manufacturing, continue to push the field to its limits in the 21st century—and the demand for raw materials to satisfy these needs is growing in response.  April 17, 2023.