How Demand-Side Policies in Keystone Industries Can Help Revive the US Mineral Industry: A Case Study of the US Automotive Industry

Payne Institute Fellow, Gregory Wischer, writes about how critical minerals are necessary in applications across core industries, from the defense industrial base to the automotive industry. Nickel, for example, is used in the steel pressure hulls of attack submarines and the lithium-ion batteries of electric vehicles. Recognizing the importance of critical minerals to its national security and economic prosperity, the US government has mainly sought to increase US mineral production through supply-side policies like grants and loans for US mineral projects. April 28, 2024.