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A new report says worldwide oil demand will peak in 2029. Some oil industry observers are skeptical. 6/13/2024

A new report says worldwide oil demand will peak in 2029. Some oil industry observers are skeptical.

Payne Institute Director Morgan Bazilian is featured on this podcast discussing the how global oil demand will peak before the end of the decade, according to a new report from the International Energy Agency.  However, OPEC, by contrast, predicts the peak won’t come until 2045.  So which one’s estimate is more likely to be right?  June 13, 2024.

Hearing on “China’s Stockpiling and Mobilization Measures for Competition and Conflict” 6/13/2024

Hearing on “China’s Stockpiling and Mobilization Measures for Competition and Conflict”

Payne Institute Fellow Gregory Wischer writes a Statement for the Record submitted to the US-China Economic and Security Review Commission about why the Chinese central government stockpiling minerals is one potential indicator that they may be preparing to invade Taiwan. The National Food and Strategic Reserves Administration oversees China’s stockpile, which reportedly contains large volumes of minerals like aluminum, cobalt, and copper. June 13, 2024.

CRITICAL MINERAL FUTURES MARKETS: A BRIEF INTRODUCTION 6/9/2024

CRITICAL MINERAL FUTURES MARKETS: A BRIEF INTRODUCTION

Payne Institute Student Researcher Gabe Collins wrote this article about how the rise in demand for critical minerals begs the question of how to develop effective market-based pricing signals that encourage new supplies. Futures markets for many critical minerals are non-existent; those that do exist like lithium and cobalt, however, remain relatively small and less liquid in the U.S. compared to other commodity markets.  Efficient pricing mechanisms support long-run decisions in allocating capital through price discovery and transparency.  June 9, 2024.

A Canadian case study of carbon dioxide removals and negative emission hydrogen production 6/4/2024

A Canadian case study of carbon dioxide removals and negative emission hydrogen production

Payne Institute Fellow William Nuttall and Ian MacGregor give an expert perspective on a new Nature-Based Solution to contemporary problems in energy and climate policy. The paper presents an emergent industrial proposition which combines Canadian forestry technology with chemical engineering capabilities developed by the oil and gas industry.  June 4, 2024.

A Critical Mineral Trade War Is Brewing 6/4/2024

A Critical Mineral Trade War Is Brewing

Payne Institute Communications Associate Gregory Wischer and Director Morgan Bazilian write about how China and the United States have fired their opening salvos in a critical minerals trade war.  In all likelihood, this critical mineral trade war will intensify, with corresponding implications for U.S. industries that use these raw materials.  June 4, 2024.

The West needs to produce more critical minerals. Here’s how the Pentagon should help 5/30/2024

The West needs to produce more critical minerals. Here’s how the Pentagon should help

Payne Institute Director Morgan Bazilian and Communications Associate Greg Wischer write about how Western governments are seeking to build more mines and refineries for critical minerals, given their necessity in not only clean energy technologies like electric vehicle batteries but also defense applications like hypersonic glide vehicles.  But beyond capital challenges (and local opposition), the West’s paucity of mines and refineries faces structural realities: geology and technology.   May 30, 2024.

Mining Is Mired in Regulatory Delays. That’s Now a Climate Problem. 5/30/2024

Mining Is Mired in Regulatory Delays. That’s Now a Climate Problem.

Payne Institute Policy and Outreach Advisor Simon Lomax, Deputy Director Greg Clough, and Director Morgan Bazilian write an commentary looking at how Washington, D.C. continues to wrestle with the subject of NEPA reform, there are some pragmatic steps the federal government can take to accelerate the production of critical and strategic minerals in the United States. They examine how to make progress quickly as the wider NEPA reform debate plays out.  May 30, 2024.

Lori Tunstall wins NSF CAREER Award for research on concrete sustainability and durability 5/29/2024

Lori Tunstall wins NSF CAREER Award for research on concrete sustainability and durability

Payne Institute Faculty Fellow Lori Tunstall is featured in this article has received a National Science Foundation CAREER Award for her work on improving concrete durability with a focus on sustainability.  The research aims to create methods for concrete that lasts long enough to offset carbon footprint from production.  May 29, 2024.  

More Reporting Clarity Can Help Fund U.S. Lithium Growth 5/29/2024

More Reporting Clarity Can Help Fund U.S. Lithium Growth

Colorado School of Mines’ Mineral & Energy Economics Master candidate Reese Epper, SFL Program Manager Brad Handler and Payne Institute Faculty Fellow Ian Lange discuss the role of recent SEC reporting changes in fostering more investment in Lithium extraction, including using Direct Lithium Extraction (DLE) techniques.   May 29, 2024.

Microgrid design and multi-year dispatch optimization under climate-informed load and renewable resource uncertainty 5/28/2024

Microgrid design and multi-year dispatch optimization under climate-informed load and renewable resource uncertainty

Madeline Macmillan, Alexander Zolan, Payne Institute Director Morgan Bazilian, and Daniel L. Villa write about how microgrids are an increasingly popular solution to provide energy resilience in response to increasing grid dependency and the growing impacts of climate change on grid operations.  They develop a two-stage stochastic programming extension of an existing microgrid design and dispatch optimization model to obtain uncertainty-informed and climate-resilient energy system decisions that minimizes long-term costs. May, 28, 2024.

Mines researchers on two finalist teams for $310M NASA Earth System Explorer mission 5/23/2024

Mines researchers on two finalist teams for $310M NASA Earth System Explorer mission

Geophysics’ Bia Villas Bôas and Payne Institute Faculty Fellow Matthew Siegfried are members of two proposed missions to improve understanding of key Earth science focus areas for two of the four missions recently selected by NASA to move forward in the Earth System Explorer Program competition.  The competition – which will ultimately select two proposals to launch in 2030 and 2032 with a budget of $310 million per mission – aims to improve understanding of key Earth science focus areas for the benefit of all, including greenhouse gasses, the ozone layer, ocean surface currents and winds, and changes in forest structure, glaciers, and ice sheets around the world.  May 23, 2024.

Biden’s Green Agenda Could Be In Trouble As China Moves At Breakneck Speed To Corner Key Resources 5/21/2024

Biden’s Green Agenda Could Be In Trouble As China Moves At Breakneck Speed To Corner Key Resources

Payne Institute Director Morgan Bazilian contributed to this article about how President Joe Biden’s climate agenda could be in trouble as China continues to rapidly expand its control over the production of valuable minerals essential to green technology like electric vehicles.  China is growing its operations in the harvesting and production of nickel, lithium and cobalt as the U.S. and its allies suspend business at a number of plants in response to a glut in global supply.  May 21, 2024.

China Is Winning the Minerals War 5/21/2024

China Is Winning the Minerals War

Payne Institute Director Morgan Bazilian contributes to this article about how western efforts to make a dent are languishing; ‘China is not just standing still waiting for us to catch up.’  Chinese mineral companies are expanding operations, supercharging supply and causing prices to drop. Their challengers can’t compete.  May 21, 2024.

Bending Bureaucracy Towards Tribal Sovereignty 5/20/2024

Bending Bureaucracy Towards Tribal Sovereignty

W. Gregory Guedel, Payne Institute NAMES Program Manager Rick Tallman, Fellow Richard Luarkie, and Director Morgan Bazilian write about how sovereign Native American Tribes and their communities can play a pivotal and positive role in the future of America’s twin pursuits of energy security and effectively addressing climate change. Native American lands are extraordinarily rich with energy resources.  Still, significant Tribal energy development efforts remain stymied.  While positive efforts are emerging across the government from the Department of Energy to Department of Interior, there is a need to reform administrative processes, and ensure some level of stability in investing and supporting Indian Country.   May 20, 2024.

SATELLITE DATA CAPTURES POWER OUTAGES IN SUDAN’S CIVIL WAR 5/19/2024

SATELLITE DATA CAPTURES POWER OUTAGES IN SUDAN’S CIVIL WAR

Payne Institute Earth Observation Group Research Associate Mikhail Zhizhin, Communications Associate Kristin Ziv, Senior Research Associate Christopher Elvidge, and Director Morgan Bazilian write about how a horrible full-scale civil war in Sudan is creating chaos, anarchy, mass starvation, and the world’s largest population of internal refugees – approximately nine million.  The researchers have created a temporal profile of nighttime lights for Khartoum where seasonal variations in lights within a year can be seen, but the interannual radiance was stable until the conflict started in April 2023.  May 19, 2024.

Colorado’s leadership on methane emissions survives another challenge

Colorado’s leadership on methane emissions survives another challenge

Payne Institute Director Morgan Bazilian, Deputy Director Greg Clough, and Policy and Outreach Advisor Simon Lomax write this opinion piece about how Colorado is both a national and global leader on many areas of energy and climate policy, and especially when it comes to the regulation of emissions from oil and natural gas production. A decade ago, Colorado became the first state to directly regulate methane emissions from oil and natural gas facilities.  The lessons learned have influenced not only the US EPA, but other efforts globally.  May 16, 2024.

NAVIGATING COMMERCIAL ADVISORY IN THE VCM 5/16/2024

NAVIGATING COMMERCIAL ADVISORY IN THE VCM

School of Mines Mineral and Energy Economics Masters candidate Jared Andreatta and Sustainable Finance Lab Program Manager Brad Handler write an explainer of the various types of Commercial Advisory services firms that participate in the Voluntary Carbon Market (VCM). These advisory firms primarily help buyers find, evaluate and transact carbon offset credits, but offer distinct approaches. May 16, 2024.

SATELLITE DATA REVEALS THE START OF CANADA’S WILDFIRE SEASON 5/16/2024

SATELLITE DATA REVEALS THE START OF CANADA’S WILDFIRE SEASON

Payne Institute Earth Observation Group Research Associate Mikhail Zhizhin, Communications Associate Kristin Ziv, Senior Research Associate Christopher Elvidge, and Director Morgan Bazilian write about how as of May 14, 2024, there are 143 active wildfires in Canada, and 39 are out of control, according to Canadian experts and officials. The Earth Observation Group has calculated the temperatures and spatial extent of active burning across Canada with their Nightfire algorithm applied to data collected by NOAA’s Visible infrared Imaging Spectrometer Suite (VIIRS).   May 16, 2024.

Mitigating Performance Degrading Defects in Gallium-doped Czochralski Silicon Solar Cells with Data-Informed Modeling

Mitigating Performance Degrading Defects in Gallium-doped Czochralski Silicon Solar Cells with Data-Informed Modeling

Payne Institute Faculty Fellow Sumit Agarwal received funding from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Solar Energy Technologies Office (SETO) Small Innovative Projects in Solar (SIPS) for a project that studies light- and temperature-induced degradation observed in p-type silicon passivated emitter rear contact (p-PERC) solar modules. The team is using gallium-doped Czochralski silicon wafers to understand the high efficiency and reliability of p-PERC crystalline silicon (c-Si) modules by mitigating 30 years of degradation in the field due to light and thermal effects.  May 16, 2024.