Decarbonizing the oil refining industry: A systematic review of sociotechnical systems, technological innovations, and policy options

Payne Institute Fellow Steve Griffiths, Benjamin K. Sovacool, Jinsoo Kim, Payne Institute Director Morgan Bazilian, and Joao M. Uratani write about how the oil refining industry, which was established in the mid-19th century, has become a foundation of modern society. While the refining of crude oil to produce transportation fuels, petrochemical feedstocks and a variety of other products has brought manifold benefits, it has also led to the global proliferation of greenhouse gas emissions as well as local air pollution from the combustion of fossil fuels. February 17, 2022.